How to Fix the Quebec Government’s Proposed Mixed Electoral System

The National Assembly of Quebec (photo credit: Assembléetest)

The Introduction of Bill 39 (September 25, 2019) specifies a mixed compensatory electoral system to appear in a referendum as an option for future elections to the National Assembly of Quebec. Unfortunately, the proposal includes several ill-advised features. Some of these features will make the system appear rigged against supporters of small parties. Some of these features will create an incentive for parties to engage in undesirable campaign tactics, which will further undermine the legitimacy of the system. The proposed system can and should be fixed. This article identifies the smallest set of changes necessary to offer Quebecers a sound and respectable alternative to the status quo.

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Biproportional MMP

I recently prepared a Google Slides presentation on Biproportional MMP, a variant of the Mixed Member Proportional (MMP) voting system. The distinguishing feature of Biproportional MMP is that the top-up seats which make election results proportional are allocated at the territory-wide level, then distributed among smaller regions. Others had thought of this idea before me, but I felt there was a need for a single reference describing the model and defining an electoral formula.

Click here for the Google Slides presentation of Biproportional MMP